Playing table tennis

History About Table Tennis

Chuck Hoey - Curator of ITTF museumDiscover more about the history of the sport. How did it all start?
What's the difference between ping pong and table tennis?

by courtesy of the ITTF

The history of table tennis (also known as ping pong) has been the subject of extensive research, notably by Englishman Gerald Gurney and by American's Charles "Chuck" Hoey and Tim Boggan.

But the research by Gerald Gurney - presented in "Table Tennis: The Early Years" - is considered to be the definitive guide to the history of the sport.

The International Table Tennis Federation also have a museum where they preserve and promote the heritage of Table Tennis. It opened in 2004 and was based in Lausanne, Switzerland but moved to Shanghai, China in 2014.

So let's start at the beginning...

Who invented table tennis?

The game was invented in the late 1880s when game makers tried to emulate the popularity of lawn tennis by developing indoor versions of it.

But because these early versions of the game were made by several different manufacturers, each manufacturer used an exclusive patented or trademarked name for their own version. These included Indoor Tennis, Gossima, Whiff-Waff and Ping Pong.

These games consisted of card games, board & dice games, rackets & balloon games and even tiddledy winks tennis games. But the first action game of tennis on a table was in 1890.

^ ^

The early years

Around 1898 the English sports company John Jaques & Son were manufacturing the first table tennis sets and popularising the game.

They used rackets (bats / paddles) with velum stretched over an outer casing (similar to a small drum) attached to a handle. This gave rise to the name Ping Pong which was derived from the sound that was made by different sized rackets (bats / paddles) striking a ball.

And as the popularity of the game spread in Europe, two rival organisations were set up in England with the "Table Tennis Association" and the "Ping Pong Association" formed within days of each other in 1901.

Table tennis racketsBut soon after this time in the history of table tennis it's thought that the game fell out of favour. But by the 1920s it was back in fashion, particularly in Europe.

But what's the difference between ping pong and table tennis?

Ping Pong v Table Tennis

Well, as we saw earlier, when the game started in the 1890s, various patented or trademarked names were being used by different manufacturers.

So when the English sports company John Jaques & Son became the market leader in the 1920s with their version of the game called "Ping Pong", they decided that they would only allow their trademarked name to be used if their brand of equipment was specified exclusively.

As more and more ping pong tournaments were now being organised, they also threatened legal action against anybody who used their proprietary trademarked name of Ping Pong without specifying the use of their equipment.

Therefore an alternative name was required for this burgeoning international sport and the name Table Tennis was chosen. So, since that time, and particularly since the establishment of the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) in 1926, the modern game has been known as table tennis.

So the obvious question is...

Why is the name Ping Pong still used?

The name "ping pong" is still used in certain parts of the world, particularly in the USA, probably because it was promoted extensively in the early 1900s by the equipment manufacturers who owned the trademark, and therefore it became ingrained in peoples minds - just as any other product which is widely advertised and promoted.

Indeed, Ping Pong is still a federally registered trademark in the USA and is now owned by Escalade Sports who still produce a brand of equipment called Ping Pong which is used to play the sport of table tennis.

The name has also remained in popular use by the media all around the world (and by recreational players) who often use it in a derisory context about the sport of table tennis.

So although many people use the names ping pong and table tennis interchangeably, Ping Pong remains a registered trademark and brand of equipment, whilst the official name for the sport since 1926 is table tennis.

But it was in 1926 that we saw the start of the modern game with...

The birth of the ITTF

On 16 January 1926 at a meeting held in Berlin between representatives of the Table Tennis Associations of Austria, England, Germany and Hungary, a provisional "International Table Tennis Federation" (ITTF) was formed.

The first General Meeting was scheduled for December 1926 and on 7 December 1926 Englishman Ivor Montagu (pictured right) was elected as the first chairman of the ITTF and five days later the first Constitution and Rules of Table Tennis were agreed.

The rules for International Competitions, which were approved at that meeting on 12 December 1926, were based on the English rules of the game at that time for singles - subject to a few minor amendments - and the Hungarian rules of the time for doubles play.

Austria, Czechoslovakia, England, Germany, Hungary, India, Sweden and Wales were all invited to become the original members of the ITTF.

A tournament held in London, England from 6-11 December 1926 was also designated as the first .

But since 1926 there have been many other...

Significant events in the history of table tennis

Since 1926 there have been many significant events which have taken place and many of these relate to changes to the rules of the game.

These include introducing a time limit on games; lowering the height of the net; banning finger spin serves; the introduction of the two colour rule; changing the ball size from 38mm to 40mm and changing the scoring system from 21up to 11up.

Other significant events include the introduction of sponge rackets; China first entering the World Championships; China offering Ping Pong Diplomacy; the introduction of speed glue; the introduction of combination rackets; becoming an Olympic sport; the formation of the ITTF Pro-Tour and separating the World Championship events.

But the most prominent has been...

The rise of the East

As the popularity of table tennis spread around the world, the Asian countries embraced the sport and quickly became world leaders.

Although the European players, particularly Hungary and England, dominated the mens singles titles at the during the first 25 years, the Japanese and have taken the majority of world titles from the 1950s onwards.

A notable exception was Sweden who, with Jan-Ove Waldner and Jorgen Persson in their ranks, claimed the men's singles titles in 1989, 1991 and 1997 and won the team event in 1989, 1991 and 1993.

Meaning how to read an egg after a cleansing? What are apis? what to do with canopic jar after ichalrins little helper What does determined mean? Tips on how to control anxiety? What is the meaning of trust in the bible? How to make gold in little alchemy? What is the correct meaning of the word dictatorial? Do police announce who gets rewards for tips? What is the meaning of pursuing in hindi? How to clear cash app history? What time does harris teeter open? What does jagermeister mean? Why cruz campaign's dirty tricks matter? What organs are on the right side of the body? What is the meaning of my dream? Tips for how to ride a guy for bbw? How to measure tv? How to tip? what is internet helper 3.5 What does the black american flag mean? how to install wii u games with wii u usb helper What is the meaning of minimalist? What does ? mean? What does 10 11 mean? Why are the tips of my onions turning yellow? Who is the lady on the chew 6/3/16 with cleaning tips? What does inoh mean? What is milf? What is the meaning of doxxed? Why would a group of preoperational children find magic tricks uninteresting? How to not cum? What is the meaning of frayed? How to eat avocado? What time does nike outlet close? What does omar mean? What does a panic attack feel like? What does decent mean? What does a codon code for? How to find average rate of change? What does guey mean? What is the meaning of sarai? How to kill a tree stump? Receipt of which is hereby acknowledged meaning? How to stop liking someone? What is homosexual? How to edit instagram post? What does uk mean? How to charge rose quartz? What does fasfa mean? What do the evil eye colors mean? What does the cat emoji mean? Interview tips question what is your greatest weakness? How to do a blowout? what chemical, produced by the helper t cell, costimulation cytotoxic t cells and b cells quizlet How does bag of tricks work wow? How to budget? What is the meaning of a groom's cake? How to get unbanned from tinder? What does cacophony mean? How can i teach my dog tricks without treats? how to professionally say student helper who runs errands how helper monkeys get matched with there owner What is tips/bar certified? What is the meaning of beige? The soul always knows what to do to heal itself meaning? How to make brown dye in minecraft? How much is a trip to bora bora? How to hide likes on facebook? How to become a psychologist? What does affection mean? how to make meatless hamburger helper How long does it take for a deck to wear out for tricks? How to make blade in little alchemy? What does wc stand for bathroom? How to make banana pancakes? What are patriot checks? What does firm mean? how to fix task scheduler helper dll what can you put in hamburger helper homemade How to stop reverse sneezing in dogs? What kardashian are you? How to find z score? When you see 1111 meaning? What time does fedex deliver in my area? What is meaning of grudge? How to prank your friends? Tips how to keep pex crimp rings in place? What does nena mean in spanish? What time does apple close? How to make cold brew? What does dui stand for? How to coupon? What does in stock soon mean on amazon? How to contour your nose? what does a programmer helper salary What does gilded age mean? What is the significance of the 3 of clubs in magic tricks? What does litho mean? What is a percocet? What does union mean? What does yuri mean? What does niacin do for the body? What does an aerator do for your lawn? Cell phone use tips when away from home? What does ghetto mean? What is the meaning of the word amen? At the summit of apocrypha tips and tricks on how to defeat miraak? Which of the following words has a meaning opposite to usurp? What does uc mean? What does dfa mean? How to increase penis girth? How do you do tricks on stunt skateboard 3d? Tips when measuring for custom dress? What does ugly mean? What does comprehension mean? nvidia web helper how to disable How to go down on a girl? How long to cook pork loin in oven? How to snake a drain? My how-to/tips and ideas guide for female domination of a man 2? What is the meaning of bring about? Don t waste what is holy on the unholy meaning? What time does dhl stop delivering? What is $110 dollars in tips alot for a musicina? What a pos meaning? How to be a good personal trainer tips? How to make payments to irs? How to sell on the phone tips? How to make rice pudding? Why does blood sugar have to be taken from finger tips? What does ib mean? What does " mean? What is the meaning of the name lynn? Tips on how to wax at home? What does magnanamous mean? How to load money on cash app card? What is gerd disease? Tips on how to win #685 level in cookie jam? What does great mean? What does a fly look like? Where can i get my childs duke tips seventh grade sat test results? What does indirect mean? How to find marriage records? how to get a price helper when trading on csgo What does outta pocket mean? What does getting pegged mean? what is "microsoft shell ui helper" How to shrink pores? how to view all records sql database helper on app How to clean shower head? What does relent mean? Jake paul videos with when he tricks everybody that eric was pregnant but she's willing up? What does it mean when your poop is green? Tips on how to survive an active shooter? Tips on how to write horror? What is palindrome day meaning? What does 500 square feet look like? How to edit pdf? How to change amazon country? how to check ip helper on router Why are the tips of my nails turning brown? Tips on how to seduce my man? In what ways do the dirty tricks actually undermine the democratic process? What time is in turkey? What is the meaning of monica? How to get rid of mosquito bites fast? What are medicare wages and tips? How to use a cane? What are fillers? What is the meaning of the pink moon tonight? What does every other day mean? What channels are on youtube tv? What i am meaning? Css-tricks how much should charge? How to improve immune system? How much is it to put a dog down? What color does? How to make homemade french toast? How to make a drop down list in excel? How long do you have to take plan b? What are pork jowls? What is pc tricks? What does consideration mean? How to make fajitas? Tips on how to grow? What is the meaning of testimonial propaganda? What does triage mean? What compisishion tricks were used in the last supper? What is the meaning of lambda? How to reset firestick remote? How to save on verizon tricks? What is the meaning of threaten? how to get into the boilermakers as a helper How to do hard majic tricks? How to play euchre? How to do magic tricks with balloons? How to make chloroform? Tricks on how to use whom and who? What makes you tick meaning? how do i get a helper companion in lich king What does mid to late february mean? What does paranoid mean? What does beth mean in hebrew? What is mch? What does probably mean? What does it mean to graduate cum laude? What does box 7 social security tips mean? How to screenshot on a chromebook? Who tricks hector into fighting achilles? How to tie a noose? What is est time? What does prosecution mean? How to make sticky rice? How to find the interquartile range? How to get rid of dog fleas? What does jill biden teach? How to cook pumpkin seeds? What does critical condition mean? How to draw sasuke? what qualifies you to be a tech helper? why is it good to disable ip helper How to figure out percentage increase? What are the tricks called in ski ballet? What are jdm cars? how to unistal the build helper total war 3 How to make basmati rice? How to stop binge eating tips? What does flacid mean? What size nozzle spray tips for 30 inch spacing for chemical application? What does asmr mean in text? What does dm mean in robitussin? How to get terracotta in minecraft? How to freeze fresh strawberries? How to unblock people on snapchat? What does work compensation mean? What car does dom drive in fast and furious? What does pov mean slang? How to make a mirror? What is the meaning of abc in roblox? How to draw a snowflake? hypnospace outlaw how to uninstall professor helper Tricks are what a whore does for money? What time does sherwin williams close? What is a hellcat? What does pay rate mean? What tricks has tony hawk created? How to join a zoom meeting? what is a shell ui helper What does dca stand for? What does 33 mean in texting? How to know if you have adhd? how to remove browser helper objects from chrome What does eiffel tower mean? How to get rid of motion sickness? What does the inside of a kangaroo pouch look like? What are sounding roda? How to center a div? How to get fit? How to watch the conjuring in order? What does dtr mean? How to care for orchids? Tips and tricks when using epoxy on your garage floor.? How to find angles of a triangle? how to cook cheesy hashbrowns hamburger helper What time does green bay packers play today? Reddit tips tricks and hacks how to make money daily online?
Source: www.allabouttabletennis.com
RELATED VIDEO
Table_Tennis_History Part 3
Table_Tennis_History Part 3
table tennis history
table tennis history
RELATED FACTS
Share this Post

Related posts

Sportcraft Table Tennis

Sportcraft Table Tennis

DECEMBER 02, 2022

Sportcraft are based in New Jersey, USA and are known for their table tennis tables and other indoor sports equipment. Sportcraft…

Read More
Racket Table Tennis

Racket Table Tennis

DECEMBER 02, 2022

Rated 4.2 out of 5 by by Adis Nice Rubber My slicing improved considerably and attack improved with better control. I am…

Read More